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The role of dietary potassium and sodium in hypertension and cardiovascular damage and protection: A systematic narrative


 Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland; Beijing Hypertension League Institute, Beijing; The 1st Affiliated Hospital of Shantou, University Medical College, Shantou, China

Correspondence Address:
Qing Wang,
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV), Lausanne

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/hm.hm_23_21

This review focuses on the role of dietary potassium and sodium in hypertension and cardiovascular (CV) damage and protection. It briefly describes the burden of global hypertension and CV diseases; discusses some of the ways that sodium and potassium imbalance induce hypertension; provides some experimental evidence explaining how high-sodium and low-potassium diet induces target organ (kidney and heart, etc.) damage independent of blood pressure, and addresses the role that a low-sodium and high-potassium diet may play to reduce the incidence of hypertension, CV events, and death.


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