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REVIEW ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 10-15

The role of dietary potassium and sodium in hypertension and cardiovascular damage and protection: A narrative review


Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV), Lausanne, Switzerland; Beijing Hypertension League Institute, Beijing; The 1st Affiliated Hospital of Shantou, University Medical College, Shantou, China

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Qing Wang
Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital (CHUV), Lausanne

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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/hm.hm_23_21

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This review focuses on the role of dietary potassium and sodium in hypertension and cardiovascular (CV) damage and protection. It briefly describes the burden of global hypertension and CV diseases; discusses some of the ways that sodium and potassium imbalance induce hypertension; provides some experimental evidence explaining how high-sodium and low-potassium diet induces target organ (kidney and heart, etc.) damage independent of blood pressure, and addresses the role that a low-sodium and high-potassium diet may play to reduce the incidence of hypertension, CV events, and death.


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