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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 73-76

Cognition-engaging physical exercise for improving cognitive impairments in attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder: A behavioral medicine approach

1 International Graduate School of Neuroscience, Ruhr-University Bochum; Department of Psychology and Neurosciences, Leibniz Research Centre for Working Environment and Human Factors, Dortmund, Germany
2 Department of Psychology, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran; Department of Psychology, Regensburg University, Regensburg, Germany

Correspondence Address:
Mohammad Ali Salehinejad
International Graduate School of Neuroscience, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/hm.hm_54_19

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Cognitive impairment is a common deficit in psychological, neurological, and psychosomatic disorders. Recent studies suggest physical exercise as a new method for enhancing cognition, but not all types of physical exercises are beneficial to cognition. We propose cognition-engaging physical exercises (CEPEs) framework for purposefully and selectively enhancing cognition, which could have promising clinical implications in behavioral medicine. Here, we present results of the CEPE intervention in a patient with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in comparison with a control case who underwent treadmill exercise. Preliminary results show discernible increased accuracy and decreased response time in working memory and response inhibition task performance after CEPE but not treadmill exercise. We discuss the reason why CEPE could be more beneficial as compared to non-CEPE. Moreover, clinical implications of CEPE in behavioral medicine are discussed.

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